The Importance of a Long-Term Perspective

Adhering to a lengthy time horizon may not always be easy, especially in a downturn, but it can be a valuable discipline. As this chart illustrates, short-term volatility can be violent. Knee-jerk reactions to market fluctuations can lead to buying high and selling low, making it difficult to stay on track and achieve long-term financial goals.

Quick Take: Market highs and lows have historically evened out over the long term, particularly if you were invested in a diversified portfolio.

Source: FactSet. As of December 31, 2023. Performance represents a rolling 1-, 3-, 5-, 10-, and 20-year window with a 1-year moving step. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Start date for analysis is December 29, 1995. The indices are unmanaged, are not available for investment, and do not incur expenses.  Click here for index definitions.

Diversified Portfolio

Investment Grade Bonds30%
U.S. Large Cap Equity (US LC)20%
U.S. Small Cap Equity (US SC)10%
Foreign Developed Equity (For Dev)10%
Municipals (Munis)5%
U.S. High Yield Bonds (US HYB)5%
International Small Cap (Int SC)5%
Emerging Markets (EM)5%
U.S. Real Estate (REITs)5%
Alternatives (Alts)5%

The indices are unmanaged, are not available for investment, and do not incur expenses. Click here for representative indices and definitions

Diversification does not guarantee a profit or protect against a loss in declining markets.

Investments in debt securities are subject to credit and interest rate risk. An increase in interest rates typically causes the value of bonds and other fixed income securities to fall. High-yield bonds (also known as “junk bonds’) are subject to additional risks such as the risk of default. Factors unique to the municipal bond market may negatively affect the value in municipal bonds.

Investments in international securities are subject to certain risks of overseas investing including currency fluctuations and changes in political and economic conditions, which could result in significant market fluctuations. These risks are magnified in emerging markets.

Investments in small-capitalization companies are subject to greater price volatility, lower trading volume, and less liquidity than investing in larger, more established companies.

Market prices of investments may fall rapidly or unpredictably due to a variety of economic or political factors, market conditions, disasters or public health issues, or in response to events that affect particular industries or companies.

Real estate investments are subject to factors such as changing general and local economic, financial, competitive, and environmental conditions.

Alternative investments are speculative, subject to high return volatility, and involve a high degree of risk including, but not limited to, the risks associated with leverage, derivative instruments such as options and futures, distressed securities, may be illiquid on a long-term basis, and short sales. There can be no assurance that these types of strategies will achieve their objectives or avoid substantial losses. Alternative investments may also be subject to significant fees and expenses.

Investments in emerging markets are subject to risks such as erratic earnings patterns, economic and political instability, changing exchange controls, limitations on repatriation of foreign capital and changes in local governmental attitudes toward private investment, possibly leading to nationalization or confiscation of investor assets.

Any discrepancies between the totals and sum of individual allocations are due to rounding.

The CBOE Volatility Index (VIX) is a measure of expected price fluctuations in the S&P 500 Index options over the next 30 days.

The Bloomberg U.S. Corporate High Yield Bond Index (Representing U.S. High Yield Bonds) is a total return performance benchmark for fixed income securities having a maximum quality rating of Ba1 (as determined by Moody’s Investors Service). Bloomberg U.S. Aggregate Bond Index (representing Investment Grade Bonds): The Bloomberg U.S. Aggregate Bond Index is an index of the U.S. investment-grade fixed-rate bond market, including both government and corporate bonds. The Bloomberg U.S. Municipal Bond Index (representing Muni Bonds) is a broad-based benchmark that measures the investment grade, U.S. dollar-denominated, fixed tax exempt bond market. The index includes state and local general obligation, revenue, insured, and pre-refunded bonds.

The HFRI Fund Weighted Composite Index (representing Alternatives) is a global, equal-weighted index of over 2,000 single-manager funds that report to HFR Database. Constituent funds report monthly net of all fees performance in U.S. dollars and have a minimum of $50 million under management or a twelve (12) month track record of active performance. The HFRI Fund Weighted Composite Index does not include funds of hedge funds.

MSCI World Index ex USA (representing Foreign Developed Equity): The MSCI World ex USA Index captures large and mid cap representation across 22 of 23 developed markets countries—excluding the United States. With 1,021 constituents, the index covers approximately 85% of the free float-adjusted market capitalization in each country.

The MSCI Emerging Markets Index (representing Emerging Markets) is a free float-adjusted market capitalization index that is designed to measure equity market performance of emerging markets. Please go to for the most current list of countries represented by the index.

The MSCI ACWI ex USA Small Cap Index (representing International Small Cap) is a free float-adjusted market capitalization weighted index that is designed to measure the small capitalization equity market performance of certain developed (excluding the U.S.) and emerging markets. Please go to for the most current list of countries represented by the index.

The Russell 2000® Index (representing U.S. Small Cap Equity) measures the performance of approximately 2,000 small-cap companies in the Russell 3000® Index, which is made up of 3,000 of the biggest U.S. stocks. The Russell 2000® serves as a benchmark for small-cap stocks in the United States. Please go to for the most current list of countries represented by the index.

The Dow Jones U.S. Select REIT Index (representing U.S. Real Estate) tracks the performance of publicly traded real estate investment trusts (REITs) and REIT-like securities and is designed to serve as a proxy for direct real estate investment, in part by excluding companies whose performance may be driven by factors other than the value of real estate.

The S&P 500® Index (representing U.S. Large Cap Equity) is a capitalization-weighted index of 500 stocks. The S&P 500® Index is designed to measure performance of the broad domestic economy through changes in the aggregate market value of 500 stocks representing all major industries.

The S&P 500® Index is proprietary data of Standard & Poor’s, a division of McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

The indices are unmanaged, are not available for investment, and do not incur expenses. Please note that these Diversified Portfolios are not investable products and the performance information of the Diversified Portfolios shown are not those of any AMG funds, strategies or other investment products.

AMG Distributors, Inc., a member of FINRA/SIPC.

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